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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 4(1); 2013 > Article
Journal of Symbols & Sandplay Therapy 2013;4(1): 9-15.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.130002
The Effects of Sandplay Therapy on Anxiety, Interpersonal Stress, and Salivary Cortisol Levels of University Students with ADHD Tendencies
Sung-hun No1, Min-kyeong Kim2
1Sandplay Therapist & Psychotherapist, Suwon Youth Counseling Center, Suwon, Korea
2Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University, Cheoan, Korea
Correspondence :  Sung-hun No ,Tel: +82-10-8994-2981, Fax: +82-31-716-1685, Email: rpg1004-kj6@hanmail.net
Received: April 10, 2013   Accepted: May 30, 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sandplay therapy on anxiety, interpersonal stress, and the cortisol changes of university students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) tendencies. Eight university students participated in sandplay therapy for ten weeks. The data was analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. This study found there were significant differences in terms of the decreases in anxiety, interpersonal stress, and salivary cortisol. It also suggests that sandplay therapy has significantly positive effects on the anxiety, interpersonal stress, and salivary cortisol levels of students with ADHD tendencies who are experiencing pressures and conflicts in university life.
KeyWords: Anxiety, Interpersonal Stress, Salivary Cortisol, ADHD Tendencies, Sandplay Therapy, University Students
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