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 Insturction For Authors

Submission of Manuscripts

Guide for Authors

The editorial board of the journal「Journal of Symbols and Sandplay Therapy」request all contributors to adhere to our guidelines when sending material for publication in order to facilitate the work of our webmasters and editorial staff. We recommend following these criteria in order to avoid publication delays due to accepted articles not conforming to the editorial rules of the journal.

Articles for the「Journal of Symbols and Sandplay Therapy」, must be submitted in English. Contributors are requested to send an electronic version in Microsoft Word by e-mail as an attachment.

The Journal is issued twice a year, on June 30 and December 30.

The journal publishes only original articles that have never previously been released in any form. We cannot accept articles that have been published elsewhere or are in the process of being considered for publication by other journals.

Contact Journal Publishing
Primary : June 30Secondary: December 31


All manuscripts are sent for blind peer-review to members of the editorial board and guest reviewers. The review process generally requires three months. The receipt of submitted manuscripts will be acknowledged by the editor, from whom a decision and reviewers’ comments will be received when the peer-review has been completed. Papers submitted to the journal must not previously have been published nor submitted for publication to any other journal.

Preparation of Manuscripts

Documents should be double-spaced with minimum margins. Uncommon abbreviations and acronyms should be explained. Do not use underlining except to indicate italics. Full stops should not be used in abbreviations or acronyms (e.g., NSW).

Article structure


Divide your article into clearly defined sections. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Title page

The first page of the manuscript should contain the article title, the authors’ names and affiliations of all coauthors, author notes and complete contact information of the corresponding author who will review page proofs (including complete mailing address and e-mail) in the following format.

  • Author names and affiliations. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, as well as post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
  • Present/permanent address. If an author has changed address since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a “Present address” (or “Permanent address”) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

The abstract should be between 100-200 words.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of six keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes

Tables & Figures

  1. Construct tables in Microsoft Word. Place asterisks indicating p values in the same cell as the value they modify, use the decimal tab in the ruler to align decimals.
  2. Delete all vertical and most horizontal lines. Double space all tables. However, if double-spacing means that a table requires two pages, and the table can be printed on one page with single-spacing, this is acceptable.
  3. Craft brief but clear and explanatory table titles. Use title case (capitalize major words, all words of four or more letters, and both words of a hyphenated compound) and italicize.
  4. Align headings and column entries. Align decimal points within columns (see our table website). Use separate columns for each item (e.g., standard errors). Use only two decimal places unless there is a compelling reason to provide three decimal places.
  5. Except for statistical symbols, do not italicize column headings or variable names. Boldface is reserved for unique statistical symbols.
  6. Tables should stand alone, without the need to go to the text for interpretation. Explain the meaning of scales, numbers, and variables with table notes or figure legends. If using acronyms or special punctuation, define them (e.g., YR = youth report; all bolded terms are weighted to U.S. norms). Include the N and ns in all tables.
  7. Please keep figures as clear and simple as possible. Each table or figure should be placed on a separate page following the reference list. Figure captions are to be an attached page, as required by APA style.

Graphical abstract

A Graphical abstract is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. See for examples.

Photos, paintings, illustrations, drawings

General points

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original photos, paintings, illustrations, and drawings.
  • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
  • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
  • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
  • Submit each illustration as a separate file.
  • Write a total of about 8,000 words.


Contributions should follow the format and style described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference a book review


Anderson, E. C. (2004, November 17).What is strengths-based education? [Review of the book The Social Life ofInformation, by J. S. Brown & P. Duguid]. Science, 290, 1304. doi:10.1126/science.290.5495.1304 

  • If the review is untitled, use the material in brackets as the title; retain the brackets to indicate that the material is a description of form and content, not a title.
  • Identify the type of medium being reviewed in brackets (book, motion picture, television program, etc.).
  • If the reviewed item is a book, include the author names after the title of the book, separated by a comma.
  • If the reviewed item is a film, DVD, or other media, include the year of release after the title of the work, separated by a comma.

Two or more references within the same parentheses

Identify works by the same author (or by the same two or more authors in the same order) with the same publication date by the suffixes a, b, c, and so forth, after the year; repeat the year. The suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title (of the article, chapter, or complete work).


Several studies (Buss & Plomin, 2005a, 2005b, in press-a; Cliftont, 2003a, 2003b)

Newspaper article

Print version

Kymlica, M. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

Precede page numbers for newspaper articles with p. or pp.

  • If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma (e.g., pp. B1, B3, B5–B7).

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Electronic version

Kymlica, M. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Give the URL of the home page when the online version of the article is available by search to avoid nonworking URLs.

A reference to a book when there is no author or editor

Example (print version):

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

  • Place the title in the author position.
  • Alphabetize books with no author or editor by the first significant word in the title (Merriam in this case).
  • In text, use a few words of the title, or the whole title if it is short, in place of an author name in the citation: (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 2005).

Example (electronic version):

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

  • If the online version refers to a print edition, include the edition number after the title.
    An entire website (but not a specific document on that site)

When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in just the text.


Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for children (http://www.kidspsych.org).

Reference a web page that lists no author

When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry:


New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved March 21, 2001, from http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/story_13178.asp

Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: ("New Child Vaccine," 2001).

Website material that has no author, no year, and no page numbers

Because the material does not include page numbers, you can include any of the following in the text to cite the quotation (from pp. 170–171 of the Publication Manual):

  • A paragraph number, if provided; alternatively, you could count paragraphs down from the beginning of the document.
  • An overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section.
  • A short title in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too unwieldy to cite in full.

Because there is no date and no author, your text citation would include the title (or short title) "n.d." for no date, and paragraph number (e.g., "Heuristic," n.d., para. 1). The entry in the reference list might look something like this:

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

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