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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 9(2); 2018 > Article
JSST. 2018;9(2): 69-93.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.18008
The Effectiveness of Group Sandplay Therapy on Quality of Peer Relationships and Behavioral Problems of Korean-Chinese Children in China
Yeo Reum Lee1, Mikyung Jang2, and Jonghee Shim3
1Play therapist at Goyang Areum Children and Adolescent Counseling Center
2Department of Child Welfare Professor at Namseoul University
3University of New Hampshire
Corresponding Author: Mikyung Jang ,Email: jangmiky@hotmail.com
Received: October 30, 2018; Revised: December 9, 2018   Accepted: December 17, 2018.  Published online: December 31, 2018.
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This study is to investigate the effectiveness of group sandplay therapy on quality of peer relationship and behavioral problems of Korean-Chinese children in China and to interpret meaning of sandpictures made by them. Utilizing a mixed-method design, twelve participants (mean age=11.50 years, 50% females) were assigned to three experiment groups with four participants in each group and another 12 children (mean age=13.50 years, 50% females) were assigned to the control group. A total of 8 sessions of group sandplay therapy were provided 2~3 times per week for 80 minutes per session. The quantitative results indicated that the group sandplay therapy improved quality of peer relationship and decreased behavioral problems. The qualitative results revealed several common themes such as emptiness, disconnection/separation, concealment, hindrance/obstruction, connection, upbringing, integration/adaptation. Limitations as well as implications for future research are discussed.
Keywords: Group Sandplay Therapy | Korean-Chinese adolescents | Quality of Peer Relationship | Behavioral Problems
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