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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 14(3); 2023 > Article
Journal of Symbols & Sandplay Therapy 2023;14(3): 175-211.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.23012
A Study on Development of a Countertransference Scale Based on Variables of Therapist-Client Relationship Models in Sandplay Therapy
Eunsun An1, Mikyung Jang2, Nicholas A. Sheen3
1Lead author, Corresponding author, Ph. D. of child counseling and psychotherapy, Department of Child Welfare Studies, Namseoul University
2Co-author, Professor, Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University
3Co-author, Assistant Professor, College of General Education, Namseoul University
모래놀이치료의 치료자-내담자 관계 모형에 근거한 역전이 척도 개발 연구
안은선1, 장미경2, 니콜라스 신3
1주저자, 교신저자, 남서울대학교대학원 아동복지학과(아동상담․심리치료전공) 박사
2공동저자, 남서울대학교 아동복지학과 교수
3공동저자, 남서울대학교 교양학부 조교수
Correspondence :  Eunsun An ,Email: pre-woman71@hanmail.net
Received: September 28, 2023  Revised: December 21, 2023   Accepted: December 26, 2023
Abstract
In this study, we aimed to develop a countertransference scale based on the therapist-client relationship model in Sandplay Therapy. Additionally, we sought to validate the developed scale by examining its relationship with therapeutic alliance and the therapeutic relationship. Sandplay Therapy practitioners participated in data collection. The collected data were analyzed by calculating frequencies and percentages, conducting factor analysis, reliability testing, and correlation analysis. As a result, the countertransference scale comprised 30 items organized into five subfactors: ‘Mother-Child,’ ‘Power,’ ‘Scenery,’ ‘Shamanism,’ and ‘Wounded Healer.’ The validation of construct validity revealed significant positive correlations between the entire countertransference scale and the entire therapeutic alliance scale, as well as between the entire countertransference scale and the entire therapeutic relationship scale. The analysis revealed significant positive correlations between the overall reverse transfer scale and the alliance scale, as well as significant positive correlations between the overall reverse transfer scale and the therapeutic relationship scale.
KeyWords: Sandplay Therapy, Sandplay therapist, therapist-client, relationship model, countertransference scale
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