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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 13(1); 2022 > Article
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
JSST. 2022;13(1): 215-274.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.22005
Art-based Research on Group Sandplay Therapy for Myanmar Refugee Children Staying in Malaysia
Yeoreum Lee1, Sehwa Lee2, Mikyung Jang3, and Yelin Choi4
1Instructor, Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University
2Instructor, Namseoul University Cyber Continuing Education Center
3Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University
4Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University
말레이시아 거주 미얀마 난민아동의 집단모래놀이치료 과정에 대한 예술기반 연구
이여름1, 이세화2, 장미경3, 최예린4
1남서울대학교 대학원 아동복지학과 아동상담․심리치료전공 강사
2남서울대학교 원격평생교육원 강사
3남서울대학교 아동복지학과 교수
4남서울대학교 아동복지학과 부교수
Corresponding Author: Sehwa Lee ,Email: gginmandu@hanmail.net
Received: March 30, 2022; Revised: June 3, 2022   Accepted: June 4, 2022.  Published online: June 30, 2022.
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ABSTRACT
This study is based on the group sandplay therapy that we provided to Burmese Chin children living in Malaysia as ethnic and religious refugees and our analysis of the themes in the children’s sandboxes using an art-based research method. All the participants were Burmese Chin refugee children aged 10 to 13 years old, attending an international refugee school in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Participation was voluntary, with written consent from legal guardians. The sample chosen for the study comprised 12 children, with six males in one group and six females in the other group. Altogether, the children took part in five sandplay sessions, which lasted 120 minutes each. During these sessions, all the participants expressed individual the sandtray and then gathered to share and talk about the scenes they had made in the sand. After each session, it construed the children’s sand scenes, imaginative stories and symbolic image from an analytical psychology perspective and categorized the contents by common themes. As a result, six themes emerged: the loss of a place of life, abandoned children, bystanders, safety bases, and liberation/resettlement. Through the sandplay therapy, the refugee children could express their trauma in a safe, supportive environment. Sandplay provided these children with an opportunity to identify their trauma, independently overcome that trauma, and grow.
Keywords: Myanmar refugee children | group sandplay therapy | Art Based Research (ABR)
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