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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 9(1); 2006 > Article
Journal of the Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society 2006;9(1):50-60.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/CiSE.2006.9.1.050    Published online June 30, 2006.
Operative Treatment of Terrible Triad in Elbow of Adults
Byung Heum Kim, M.D.*, Jong Seok Park, M.D., Ho Rim Choi, M.D., Sang Sun Lee, M.D. and Soo Kyun Rah, M.D.†, Hyun Wook Lee, M.D.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Seoul Hospital??
성인 주관절의 요골두와 구상돌기 골절을 동반한 탈구의 수술 적 치료 (성인 주관절에 발생한 위험3증주의 수술적 치료)
순천향대학교 의과대학 천안병원 정형외과학교실, 서울병원†
The nonoperative outcome of elbow dislocations with associated radial head and coronoid fractures are often unsatisfactory because of chronic instability and stiffness from proloned immobilization, Therefore we managed these injuries with well programed surgical appproaches. Method: Ten patients with this injury were evaluated retrospectively from May 1998 to June 2004 after a minimum of 12 months. These injuries include elbow dislocation and associated fractures of both the radial head and the coronoid process. All ten patients were treated by one clinic operatively with similar scheduled surgical methods which started on the lateral side and terminated on the medial side of the elbow. Radial head and neck fractures were classified Mason types, as two and three types respectively with six and four cases and six cases were fixated. Coronoid process were fixated with screws anteroposterior directly or anchor suture in all cases, each type was classified one, two and three. where were three type one, four type two, and three type three were according to Regan and Morrey classification. Results: The outcome was three resulting in excellent, four good, two normaland and the remaining case was one poor according to the Mayo Elbow Performance score. At a terminal follow up, the range of motion of the elbow averaged flection contracture, 6(0~20) and further flection, 129(115~140). Two patients had complications requiring additional care. One, displaced coronoid process which was repaired with capsule and the other patient experienced, palsy of ulnar nerve and contracted elbow joint. Conclusions: Usage of early operation as the minimum injury of medial ligaments complex and the rigid fixation of fractures to prompt motion with our scheduled management for elbow dislocations with associated radial head and coracoid fractures provided excellent results.
Key Words: Elbow, Fracture & dislocation, Radial head fracture, Coracoid fracture.


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