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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 5(1); 2014 > Article
JSST. 2014;5(1): 7-13.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.130012
The Effects of Sandplay Therapy on the Behavioral Problems, Self-esteem, and Emotional Intelligence of Children in Grandparents-grandchildren Families in Rural Korean Areas
Ye-seul Yang
Sandplay Therapist & Psychotherapist, Namseoul Child & Youth Counseling Center, Cheonan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Ye-seul Yang ,Tel: +82-10-3117-1899, Fax: +82-31-716-1685, Email: xnaudw1rn@naver.com
Received: April 30, 2014;  Accepted: June 15, 2014.  Published online: June 30, 2014.
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This study aimed to verify the effects of sandplay therapy on the behavioral problems, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence of children in grandparents-grandchildren families in rural Korean areas. To this end, the researcher selected fifteen children for an experimental group and another fifteen children for a control group from grandparents-grandchildren families in a rural area. The selection process was conducted in cooperation with three elementary schools and seven local children centers in A and B cities in South Chungcheong Province. Those children who participated in the study underwent a forty-minute session of sandplay therapy every week for twelve weeks. The following pre and post-tests were administered to the subjects: the Teacher’s Report Form, which assesses a student’s adaption ability and behavioral problems; the Self-esteem Scale, which was reconfigured from the Self-esteem Inventory; and the Emotional Intelligence Scale. The results of this study showed that sandplay therapy was effective in improving behavioral problems as well as the self-esteem and emotional intelligence of children in grandparents-grandchildren families in rural areas.
Keywords: Self-esteem | Emotional intelligence | Children in grandparents-grandchildren families | Sandplay therapy
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