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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 13(1); 2022 > Article
JSST. 2022;13(1): 101-159.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.22003
A Study on the Symbols in the Sandplay Therapy of Children in Divorced Families by Age
Eun Joo Hong1, and Hyo Eun Kim2
1Professor, Department of Child Studies, Eulji University
2Instructor, Department of Child Studies, Eulji University
이혼가정 아동의 모래놀이치료 과정에서 나타나는 상징에 대한 연령별 고찰
홍은주1, 김효은2
1을지대학교 아동학과 교수
2을지대학교 아동학과 강사
Corresponding Author: Hyo Eun Kim ,Email: khe4444@hanmail.net
Received: March 29, 2022; Revised: May 13, 2022   Accepted: May 18, 2022.  Published online: June 30, 2022.
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This study focused on the sandplay therapy process of 8 children of divorced families by age and analyzed these cases by applying the qualitative case study method according to Stake’s (1995) reactive evaluation. We found, first, among the children of divorced families, that the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of the youngest (7-year-old) children was a negative maternal symbol. Second, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of the next oldest (9-year-old) children was alchemical purification and transformation. Third, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of children at the end of childhood (11 years old) was self-arrangement and struggle. Fourth, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of children aged 12 to 13, the early age of adolescents, was the appearance of the paternal circle. The results revealed the development of a masculine consciousness that overcame dependence on motherhood and transitioned into a patriarchal world. In this way, the children of divorced families re-enactment relationships through symbols in the process of sandplay therapy to achieve self- development by age, deconstructing the mental structures, and reaching the stage of self-arrangement, revealing their progress toward growth.
Keywords: symbol | sandplay therapy | child | divorced family | age
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