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J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 12(1); 2021 > Article
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
JSST. 2021;12(1): 235-268.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.21006
The Effects of Group Sand play on the Psychological Health and Resilience of Street Children and Adolescents in Uganda
Alice Kolawole Olaniyi1, Shallon Atuheire2, Lesley Lally3, Ru?n Kane4, Iryna Danilova5, Claudia Walker6, Lynda Earls7, and Eimíle Holton8
1Corresponding Author: Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland. JIFACA, Crumlin, Dublin
2Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
3Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
4Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
5Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
6Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
7Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
8Jungian Institute for Free Analysis for Children and Adolescents (JIFACA), Sunshine Industrial Estate Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
Corresponding Author: Alice Kolawole Olaniyi ,Tel: +353 868690643, Email: alice.olaniyi@gmail.com
Received: April 7, 2021; Revised: June 21, 2021   Accepted: July 1, 2021.  Published online: June 30, 2021.
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ABSTRACT
The authors analysed the effects of group Sandplay therapy on adolescents' psychological health and resilience in a mixed-method research. They explored and categorized the themes these adolescents expressed during therapy. Fifteen children (n=15) were recruited for the study; (Boarding school children = 5; Day school children = 5; Street children = 5). The selection process was conducted in cooperation with an orphanage in Kabale, Uganda. The children who participated in the study underwent a forty-five-minute sand play therapy every week for nine weeks. The SDQ and RCADS were administered to the groups both pre- and post-intervention, with the data entered and analysed using SPSS. Group sandplay was found to significantly decrease the adolescents' internalizing problems such as anxiety and depression, while their resilience had also significantly improved. The narrative analysis, in turn, yielded seven themes: basic needs; community-love-celebration; giving help-leadership-empowerment; security-danger, recreation-self-development-self-nurturance, education, and seeking help-faith.
Keywords: group sandplay therapy | anxiety | depression | Resilience | Uganda | Orphanage | street children | Maslow’s theory
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