J Sym & San Therapy > Volume 4(1); 2013 > Article
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
JSST. 2013;4(1): 9-15.         doi: https://doi.org/10.12964/jsst.130002
The Effects of Sandplay Therapy on Anxiety, Interpersonal Stress, and Salivary Cortisol Levels of University Students with ADHD Tendencies
Sung-hun No1, and Min-kyeong Kim2
1Sandplay Therapist & Psychotherapist, Suwon Youth Counseling Center, Suwon, Korea
2Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University, Cheoan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Sung-hun No ,Tel: +82-10-8994-2981, Fax: +82-31-716-1685, Email: rpg1004-kj6@hanmail.net
Received: April 10, 2013;  Accepted: May 30, 2013.  Published online: December 31, 2013.
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sandplay therapy on anxiety, interpersonal stress, and the cortisol changes of university students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) tendencies. Eight university students participated in sandplay therapy for ten weeks. The data was analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. This study found there were significant differences in terms of the decreases in anxiety, interpersonal stress, and salivary cortisol. It also suggests that sandplay therapy has significantly positive effects on the anxiety, interpersonal stress, and salivary cortisol levels of students with ADHD tendencies who are experiencing pressures and conflicts in university life.
Keywords: Anxiety | Interpersonal Stress | Salivary Cortisol | ADHD Tendencies | Sandplay Therapy | University Students
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